Read the introduction, objectives and theoretical background to the project and then answer the following questions:
The project first have the fastest ball challenge which involves mathematics, one subject which i like the most. The other project would be the extraction of caffeine which i am not really in knowledge of. Actually i chose this project only for the fastest ball challenge.
I want to learn about the vertices that is involved in the fastest ball challenge. Maybe some skills that is needed for extraction of caffeine which we need to know when in university.
A lot of questions. Ranging from the the things affecting the project to the skills needed to do the experiment.
I personally want to complete the experiment and project with my group. Actually nothing else.
Reflections on Plenary Sessions
For each plenary session, consolidate your learning by answering the following questions:
- Plenary Session by Prof Kerry Sieh
Sumatra + Singapore + Malaysia lying on Eurasian (Sunda) Plate
Indo-australian plate is subducting under Eurasian Plate
Creating a subduction zone and volcanic chain
The earthquake cycle and generation of tsunamis. Then, the subducting plate gets suck
After years, it will break loose and release a mega-thrust earthquake. The mega-thrust earthquake would then release a tsunami. Whole process will repeats.
Stratigraphy and sedimentology can tell us about the past tsunami on an area
Example of Island rising after a mega-thrust earthquake
Before March 28, 2005 earthquake , Nias Island was sinking.
After the earthquake, the island rose about 2.5 meters.
Using GPS to measure tectonic deformation. We now have 48 GPS station throughout Sumatra. Also, we can use corals to measure uplift and subsidence as the ‘hair’ growing on the coral will determine the tide. In conclusion , from GPS + coral, we can forecast the earthquake/tsunami happening in an area. Also, we can use the decay of Uranium to Thorium to know the age of the coral.
2. IT for Animation by Prof Seah Hock Soon
Animation is optical illusion of motion created.
Stop motion is used for storytelling
2D Animation Production Pipe which is a process which is Script -> Storyboard -> Character design -> Sound -> Key Frame drawing -> inbetween frame drawing -> Colouring -> Flim making -> Product
Eg. The Lion King which first animated flim with aid of computer technology
3D Animated Movie
Eg. Toy Story (First 3D Animated flim)
S$ 30 million
2D animated flim is oftenly more expensive than 3D animated flim
Mathematics in Movie
Geometric Modelling which is Geometry including Points , lines , surfaces and solid
Special effects used in animation includes Calculus (Limits , functions , derivatives , integrals) Another one would be law of Physics which is dynamics of fire , water , dynamic movement
Lighting example will be Basic Geometries -> Ambient Light (k^5lp) -> Diffuse Lighting(+cos) -> Specular Lighting (cos^n a)
Motion Capture (Eg. Avatar)
- Image Processing
- Computer Graphics
- Data Processing
- Computer Vision
- Field of engineering involving computer-based hardware and software system to enable
Challenges of 2D Animation
- Beautiful Art Form
- Skilled Artist
- Labour Intensive
- Budget Pressure
3. Innovation breakthroughs in Nano-Science and Nano-Technology by Prof Ma Jan
Nanotechnology - Usage : Kill Bacteria , Treatment
Smaller size for a fixed volume = larger surface area
Nanotechnology is the design, fabrication and application of nano-materials, and the fundamentals. Materials with ten times the strength of steel but only a fraction of its weight. This is Carbon Nano-tubes (CNT) Shrinking all the information housed at the Library of Congress into the size of a sugar cube: Quantom Cubes. Detecting cancerous tumour when they are only a few cells in size.
Nanotechnology can also change the appearance of same materials
Nano Particles can be used for finger printing which is able to capture the remains of finger prints (White Light illumination and UV illumination)
Target Delivery includes Nano materials and Mesoporous material
Using artifical leg to replace broken limbs (Using something like a super glue)
Biodegradable Stents is letting the body to accept the stent so that the user do not have to take drugs
Electronic Technology is to increase amount of GB in a harddrive so as to decrease the size of all electronics,
Reflections on Applied Project Challenge: Your Accomplishments
The project let me learn a lot of information about the project ranging from physics to mathematics. It really broadened my awareness about these two subjects while doing the projects.
An example could be that before this project, i never knew oil would decrease the speed of a moving object. I knew oil as a lubricant which will decrease friction thus increasing speed but now after the experiment, my thinking is different.
This two subjects are taught in school. Thus now i can know more things about these two projects which broadened my understanding about these two subjects.
I can use the experimental skills to do experiments better in the future. From the project, i now know a new apparatus for experiments which is useful.
Actually i have no questions as all has been answered during the experiment.